Eight principles for the planning and implementati

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Eight principles for the planning and implementation of enterprise informatization

the development of society will formulate various rules for enterprises. In an information society, the survival and development of enterprises have rules

basic principles

in order to ensure smooth traffic, all places have made restrictions on means of transportation. For example, large trucks are not allowed to pass on the main traffic arteries of the city, and many dilapidated means of transportation are not allowed to continue to undertake transportation tasks. "Green" taxis have replaced "motorcycle". The enlightenment we get from these phenomena should be: the development of society will set various rules for enterprises. In an information society, there are rules for the survival and development of enterprises

first of all, we must have realized that information is a kind of resource of enterprises. By mining information resources, enterprises can improve their management level in financial control, production management and market distribution. The greatest contribution is to improve the operation efficiency of enterprise decision-making system and execution system, and establish a management cockpit for enterprise managers

what confuses enterprises is that there is no definite standard to specify what enterprise informatization should look like. We often regard informatization as the platform for enterprise operation. Should this platform be a car or a truck? Is it a "Vichy" or a "Mercedes Benz"

what we want to discuss here is the goal planning of enterprise informatization, put forward some principles that can guide the planning, and eliminate the factors that cause confusion

establish the principle of competitive advantage

in the increasingly competitive market environment, the core competitiveness of enterprises is not only manifested in development, production and market, but also the internal information management of enterprises has become a factor to form the core competitiveness. It is under the promotion of informatization that enterprises have developed closer and closer cooperative relations, and the competition between enterprises has evolved into the competition between supply chains

the principle of creating competitive advantage includes two aspects: one is to maintain the industry leading level in the investment in information system construction according to the development of the industry, so as to ensure that enterprises can obtain sufficient competitive advantage; The other is to promote the cooperative enterprises to improve the production management level, reduce inventory and avoid risks through the exchange of information, so as to maintain the competitive advantage of the whole supply chain

therefore, it is necessary to study the informatization situation in the industry and set up informatization goals in line with the development of the industry. At present, the country has begun to evaluate the informatization level of enterprises. It is not only an indispensable basic production link for a large number of industrial and agricultural products, so we can get more guidance. The status of enterprise informatization includes the selection of information platform, informatization effect indicators, investment return analysis and other contents that can provide decision-making basis

at the same time, we should strengthen the research on partners and adjust the process in line with the partners' informatization goals. The development of enterprise informatization is no longer isolated. Under the theoretical framework of supply chain management and customer relationship management, the living space of enterprises is jointly formed by enterprises, customers and suppliers, and the creation of business opportunities is the result of cooperation

long term development principle

enterprise informatization construction requires investment in hardware and software, and certain modifications to business processes. Compared with production equipment, investment in informatization has a deeper and broader impact. Therefore, many informatization investments will include the goal of enterprise business process reorganization

no matter what point of view, we will admit that the impact of informatization on enterprises is not local or a stage. Informatization will not only affect the enterprise itself, but also affect customers and suppliers. For the group company, it will also affect the brother companies it cooperates with; Any set of information-based products in the operation of enterprises requires great efforts to implement and promote, so the replacement cost is very high. When planning information-based goals, we need to see the long-term impact of investment

in the specific selection and implementation, we need to fully grasp the principle of long-term development, select products with good scalability, select companies with good development ideas, and adjust the process to match the long-term goals of customers. Many enterprises have not only set up IT departments, but also set up CIO to be responsible for the long-term planning and development of enterprise informatization. More than 80% of the world's top 500 enterprises have set up this position

the CIO position here, on the one hand, reflects the importance that enterprises attach to informatization. On the other hand, it also treats informatization as a strategic development issue of enterprises and is incorporated into the development framework of enterprise strategic planning and strategy implementation

the principle of common growth with customers

China's accession to the WTO enables us to integrate more deeply into the general environment of the international economy. Enterprises investing in China can obtain more market resources and human resources. At the same time, enterprises investing in China will also survive and develop in a fairer competitive environment. After more than 20 years of reform and opening up, China has attracted more and more international investment. Made in China is no longer rare. Many estimates of the future regard China as a world-class manufacturing center

The entry of foreign investment has not only brought capital, but also advanced management ideas and management technology. The enterprises that have entered the world's top 500 have their own deployment in enterprise informatization, and they also have high requirements for the enterprises that cooperate with them. They attach great importance to integrating resources through supply chain management and improving their competitiveness

the development of enterprises is not advancing or falling back. Customers are often closer to the market, understand the changes in market needs, and put forward management, quality, and information sharing requirements for downstream partners when planning informatization development goals. It is natural for those enterprises close to the market to play a major role in the market economy

if you are in the downstream segment of the supply chain, you must be able to match the development pace of upstream enterprises, especially not lag behind people in informatization, and fully grasp the principle of common growth with customers

principle of market availability

enterprise informatization has been developing from simple MIS to financial computerization, from MRP to MRP-II, from ERP to SCM. It is absolutely certain that this development trend will never change. From the perspective of the development of the software market, it seems that it has entered the buyer's market. For every ERP project, there are more than a dozen or dozens of software companies looking forward to opportunities

in fact, this situation is due to the fact that there is no clear market segmentation in the supply of enterprise information systems, no characteristics in the industry, no characteristics in the scale, and no characteristics in the function. Software companies do not break through in the unique function algorithm, and mainly imitate each other. There is no effective market segmentation. On the surface, it is a buyer's market, but in fact, there is insufficient effective supply

therefore, when planning the development of informatization, enterprises should not be divorced from reality, and the planning should be based on a comprehensive study of the supply situation of the market. In particular, the specific solution is to check whether the communication line between the computer and the experimental machine falls off; Check whether the online selection sensor is selected correctly; Check whether the sensor has been hit during the recent experiment or keyboard operation; Check whether the calibration or calibration function of the software is used before the problem occurs; Check whether the calibration value, calibration value or other information in the hardware parameters have been manually changed. In order to achieve the purpose, we need to take full account of the market supply. Without the support of the market supply of the software company, we will pay a high price on the information investment

in the specific selection of ERP products, we should not subjectively plan our own needs for the bottleneck problems that restrict the development of China's polymer surface material industry. We should find and set achievable goals from the actual investigation of enterprise application. Analyze and compare enterprises with similar scale and business, and learn how to plan goals from successful enterprises in informatization

principle of cooperation with enterprise development

we emphasize that information resources will become an integral part of the core competitiveness of enterprises. To invest in the development of enterprises in the information society, informatization is naturally the primary investment content, and the establishment of informatization system is also an important investment task like building factories, buying equipment, and hiring employees

however, the requirements of enterprises for informatization are still gradual. A newly established company has neither the financial resources nor the need to start a large ERP system. For enterprises that are already in operation, it is also necessary to use the stage theory of development to judge the level of enterprise demand for informatization. When it comes to the stage of enterprise development, we can see both the current situation and the future

some companies will develop group companies with industrial chain characteristics in their gradual growth, and enterprises with different production characteristics will appear in the companies. Some companies set up branches and develop chain operations to obtain opportunities for horizontal development. These two development paths will put forward two different methods for the goal planning of informatization

for group companies involving multiple production characteristics, the goal planning of informatization cannot mechanically emphasize that the same ERP system should be enabled in each branch at the same time. It is also a reasonable investment to realize local application first. For example, a group company produces assembly, hardware and electronic components, and there are indeed many difficulties in realizing a unified ERP system

expected benefit indicators

by establishing MRP-II or ERP system, the ultimate goal of the enterprise is to improve the business efficiency of the enterprise, and realize the integration of logistics, information flow and capital flow by integrating operations into a unified information platform, so that the enterprise can obtain benefits in all aspects. These benefit objectives include:

· reduce inventory, improve capital utilization and control business risks

· control product production costs, shorten product production cycle

· improve product quality and qualification rate

· reduce downtime, time cost and opportunity cost

· supply goods to customers on time and improve customer satisfaction

the following are some quantitative standards, It can help us check the implementation effect of MRP-II or ERP system. In fact, only through regular inspection, continuous improvement and perfection, In order to achieve the desired effect:

· inventory funds reduced by 15%-40%

· inventory count error rate reduced to 1%-2%

· WIP reduced by 10%-30%

· production planning speed increased by 60 times

· labor productivity increased by 5%-15%

· overtime workload reduced by 10%-30%

· on schedule delivery rate reached 90%-98%

· cost decreased by 7%-12%

· procurement cost decreased by 5%

· goal planning

· implementation planning

The third step of enterprise informatization is to realize the optimal utilization of external resources. When realizing the supply chain management and customer relationship management between enterprises, from the external environment of enterprise operation, collect, sort out and analyze the data related to the enterprise, such as the information of suppliers, the goods, prices and quality that suppliers can provide, and the demand information of customers, so as to better coordinate the collaborative production between suppliers and enterprises, and improve the planning of enterprise production. On the other hand, Understand customers' needs for products and services in time, so as to ensure that the enterprise can make the first response to market changes in the shortest time, so as to obtain a leading position. Further improve the competitiveness of enterprises

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